5-Simple Steps to Teach Your Children About Money
Parenting magazines and blogs are full of advice on how to teach your kids about money. It usually goes something like this:
Give them an allowance,
make them save some of it, and
consider matching their savings as an added incentive.
Of course, saving is important. But managing money in the real world is a little more complicated.
For starters, there's no one to force you to save money. Worse, the average college student graduates with more than $4,000 in credit card debt — in addition to increasingly hefty student loans. That makes it nearly impossible to save. And with no savings, even minor money mistakes can turn into major woes.
I'm Teaching My Kids How to Be Smart Spenders
Unfortunately, with little in the way of financial education in schools, most of us don't learn those lessons until we're out on our own. I'll admit that was true for me, and I got into debt as a result — several times. It took a few bailouts from my mom, a couple of cash-out refinancings, and more years than I care to admit for those lessons to fully sink in.
So I want my kids to learn how to spend — how to create a budget, make hard choices, and live within their means. My oldest is only 7, but I've already embarked on a multi-year plan to teach her how to manage money responsibly and realistically. (My youngest is 4; we're still working on tying shoelaces.)
Step 1: Deliver allowance electronically
By the time my daughter heads to college in 2023, I doubt paper checks will even exist. And once making purchases by cell phone or fingerprint is widespread, cash likely won't be too common, either.
So we're going to skip the passbook savings accounts of my childhood and go high tech: We'll start with a Paypal account, where her allowance will be deposited twice a month, just like a paycheck would. I'll show her how to log on and monitor her balance, and by using the Paypal debit card, she'll have complete freedom on how to spend it.
Step 2: Follow the money while you're checking Facebook
Next, I'll set her up with an account at Mint.com, which she's familiar with already from watching how I budget our family's income. That way she can track where her money goes over time, set goals, and enjoy seeing any cash she chooses to save grow.
Step 3: Slowly hand over everyday spending decisions
Once she's comfortable with the basics of budgeting and saving, I'll up the ante each year, giving her a progressively larger allowance. But she'll also be responsible for more of her expenses, such as paying for lunch at school, purchasing birthday gifts for friends, and buying her own clothes. Giving her more control will allow her to make more choices — does she want to shell out $2.50 a day for lunch or save that money and brown-bag it instead?
Step 4: Give the kid some credit
When she's 13, if all goes well, we'll switch to an actual credit card (albeit with a low limit) so she can add responsible use of debt to her repertoire. And if she fails and blows all her cash on designer jeans and a bedazzled cell phone, racking up debt and leaving her hungry come lunchtime? I kind of hope she does — because that's exactly the point. I want her to learn the hard way while the stakes are still low, rather than later in life when rent money or her credit rating is on the line.
Step 5: Be the next Buffett
Once she's got the hang of spending within her means, I'd like to get her to start investing (ING has a great offering for kids), buying a few shares of companies whose products she loves, like Amazon (AMZN), Apple (AAPL), and Disney (DIS). Warren Buffett started at age 11, so who knows what could happen!